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Not substantially European

7 May 2019 3:24 PM | Anonymous

The first world war was raging in Europe, and Australian greengrocer Fred Goon, son of Louey Fong Goon and Elizabeth Johnson, wanted to fight. Desperately.

But to do so he would have to defy a Defence Act that banned men “not substantially of European origin or descent”. Australia was in the grip of the White Australia Policy, used for decades to exclude Chinese immigrants; the recruitment rules reflected similarly racist intent.

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